Lath And Plaster Removal

5 ways to replace your lath and plaster ceiling. How to inspect and evaluate your lath and plaster ceiling. For low risk asbestos work such as the textured coating removal and dealing with cement board removal i would normally specify an FFP3 as minimum. Falling Lath And Plaster On Ceilings -> Credit to : www. Levelling up your ceiling joists. The company is located in Portland and incorporated in Oregon. This location is in Sacramento County and the Sacramento-Roseville-Arden-Arcade, CA Metropolitan Area. Is it all that bad? a decent plasterer could plaster/skim it if you remove the loose bits and tack the lathes back. Metal Lath Products CEMCO's Metal Lath products include Expanded, Self-Furred, Paper-Backed, and Hi-Ribbed produced from hot-dipped galvanized steel. It does a wonderful job of cutting lath without vibrating the plaster to death like a Sawzall does. Removing Asbestos Plaster. We're currently renovating our 1930's semi-detached property and as part of the renovations we would like to replace the existing 'lath and plaster' walls with modern plasterboard and plaster. We are a month into our house, and we’ve removed so much lath … Our 1920’s house has a ton of character, but with that character comes a lot of plaster! Most of our renovation plans involve moving and opening up some walls (I posted about our bathroom renovations and layouts in the my last post). Home / News, Events, Ideas and Techniques / Repairing VS Replacing Stucco and Plaster Is It Better To Repair Or Replace Your Home's Stucco and Plaster? We love that great look the texture of stucco and plaster can give your home, and no one can argue that it adds a lot of character to any house, but one of the most important reasons we like. Using a utility knife, cut away loose plaster surrounding the crack to make the opening wider, and dust off the extra pieces. Have to do some re-wiring, replace windows, add pipes for hot water baseboard heat and need to add insulation to the outside walls all of this on both first and second floors. This is a costly and time consuming process requiring a specialist, but it is a long term solution and the finished work is as good as new. To achieve similar level of sound insulation will single layer of plaster board plus 1inch of plaster be sufficient? Would double layer of plaster board be better? Is acoustiboard worth the cost?. Warping above the water level often occurs with drywall and paneling, so more may need to be removed. Separating Wallpaper and Paint from Plaster. Plaster is considered a high-end wall finish. Smooth over the new plaster with the trowel whilst continuing to flick water on it. To fix a bulge or hole in a lathe and plaster wall, we need to pay special attention to two things: limit the damage as we remove the loose plaster, and make sure the new plaster sticks solidly to the old lathe. Three-coat work is usually specified for all good work. The installation of plaster walls requires special training and skills making it more of a labor intensive process than hanging or repairing drywall. Plaster with asbestos mixed in as a strengthening fiber is not normally found as the primary construction material for walls, although exceptions certainly do. Plaster and lath was always an incredibly time-consuming process, and one that required an artisan to complete the plastering part. net Category: Architecture and Building Design Remote Name: 154. It provides services to architects, the construction community and the public on a variety of matters relating to the plastering trades. Remove everything from the area, and lay down the canvas tarps. I am very pleased! I highly recommend Rio Grande Lath and Plaster. It’s a great way to take out some frustration and with it, removal seems to go twice as fast. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total $375. There are five if you need to prep the area by setting out dust sheets and removing furniture. If I remove the molding, the 3/4" plaster and 1/4" lath, and install 1/2" sheetrock, my moldings will be to short if I don't destroy them during the removal. Cut down through the entire depth of the plaster material with any sharp knife or tool. Metal Lath, Plaster and Stucco An excellent mix of durability and curb appeal, we have the right exterior stucco product for any climate. In one room we used a steamer to remove wallpaper but damaged the thin layer of drywall compound that had been applied to smooth out the textured wall surfaces. This breaks the plaster keys and it comes off much easier. To do the job properly you should strip all the plaster from the walls, leave the lath in. Dampen wood lath until the water the surface is damp; using a mix of water with non-detergent surfactant. There are various ways to soften the glue that is holding the wallpaper to the wall, and most methods are environmentally friendly. Remove your props and plaster over the small holes left by the screws. Plaster walls can sometimes be adequately drained by removing the baseboard and breaking out plaster and lath at the bottom of the wall. Working in front of yourself, tap the. Thank you!. I'm just wondering if for that sized room I'll be within the 2 ton limit. you won't believe the mess that removing a lathe and plaster wall makes. The only drywall is where newer work was completed (before my purchase). I recently bought a house built in 1963. Plaster Removal Tearing out old plaster is a messy project, which requires breaking the old plaster away from the laths and then pulling the laths away from the wall studs. I've never used a Boston Rake or LA Trash Hook on wood lath and plaster. It is opening the living room wall to enlarge the space he noticed the quality of the wood. Soundproof drywall, though, rivals lath and plaster walls in terms of soundproofing. Removing baseboards is necessary when you install new flooring, wainscoting or simply want an updated look. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total Average Cost per square ft. The bid did not call-out drywall or sheet-rock, it just said ‘removal of all wall finishes’. Hammer along the seams until the plaster breaks apart. Further online resources. Commonly referred to as Dryvit this system has been around for years in the Chicago land area; Mullowney Lath and Plaster has been doing this type of work for almost 30 years with every plastering contractor throughout Chicagoland. If you have a large hole where the plaster has crumbled away from the laths the best way to repair this would be to use a piece of plaster board of the same thickness as the plaster. With plaster washers and wide fiberglass mesh, old plaster walls can be made smooth and solid again. I would think you could do this quite easy. Then you can remove the stud (with the cut pieces of lath still stuck to the front of it). If you have a large hole where the plaster has crumbled away from the laths the best way to repair this would be to use a piece of plaster board of the same thickness as the plaster. When you have made structural repairs, remove the plaster down to the lath on each side of the crack to a width of about six inches. Clean out the debris but leave the existing wood lath in place. Thanks for the info Jeff. Brit, Austral, and NZ an adhesive strip of material, usually medicated, for dressing a cut, wound, etc. The lathes are dear and very time consuming - and lime plaster is a nightmare. If your walls are beyond a simple repair, don't fret! You just need to remove the troublesome lath and plaster and replace it so your walls are beautiful again. It is always best practice to use the same type of materials, or similar, when doing a repair to lath and plaster. Clean the area with a damp sponge, allow it to dry and remove any leftover plaster residue or dust. It sets too quickly to be useful in wall plastering. Finish by skim coating the washers. Suspended Metal Lath and Stucco Exterior Wind Loaded (See chart on page 6) Lighting Troffer Stucco Perimeter Stop 3' O. Step by step guide to remove your lath and plaster ceiling…. This hair is and can be a source of food for the mold since it is an organic product. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling is a three stage process (assuming that you are removing it from underneath). Plaster is super heavy. , established in 2015, comes to the Sacramento area offering over a decade of experience in the lath and plaster trades. Plan was to remove old insulation, seal any holes and cracks, and seal over interior wall partitions. If you don't need to be precise like cutting a channel, use a 4" grinder with masonry on it. If you have to install new plaster lath, you can purchase 3/8-inch thick drywall and cut it to fit the opening you have. Installing drywall. The technique derives from an earlier, more primitive, process called wattle and daub. Unscrew the clamps and remove them with a putty knife. The first step to making repairs is to remove all the damaged material. Read removing lath and plaster from above if applicable. When I do it I use a large axial extractor fan to suck the dust out. Cutting Lath. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling requires preparation, safety gear and a clear room below, as the amount of dust created is considerable. Plaster-Weld®, the original chemical bonding agent for plaster, is a safe, easy to use surface applied bonding agent that bonds new plaster to any clean, structurally sound surface. When making any repair to lath and plaster, the same type of materials, or similar, to the original construction should be used. The interior wall covering in this erea is lath and plaster. Once you get the room down to the studs, cleaned up and ready to drywall, hanging new sheetrock over older uneven framing is seldom successful. For surface damage, use a putty knife to lift off flaking paint and bubbling plaster. We take pride in what we do and treat all of your needs as if they were our own. Am333rcr, Sep 8, 2015 #1. They are formed with a series of timber laths fixed close together. Get a Free Estimate to Remove, Install or Repair Lath and Plaster Interiors You can count on us to make sure your lath and plaster job is taken care by the best local contractors and professionals. Plaster Removal Creates a Lot of Dust. Plaster is rock hard substance which is applied to the walls and ceilings of nearly every house. Levelling up your ceiling joists. It can be time consuming and messy, so keep this in mind before you start. This can easily be done with the use of patching material as long as the condition of the plaster underneath is still in good condition. The removal of lath and plaster can average from $1 – $5 per square foot and then additional costs will be added for the building of new lath and plaster. It's a characteristic trait of buildings from 60 years to much much older that embodies the true nature of love/hate relationships among DIYers, renovators, preservationists, rehabilitators, flippers, home inspectors, and pretty much anyone who has every worked with the stuff. • Gypsum plaster is formed by heating the gypsum to remove around 75% of the water. Finish by skim coating the washers. Example risk assessment: Plastering company of a three-storey block of flats. Plan was to remove old insulation, seal any holes and cracks, and seal over interior wall partitions. Messages: 419 Scotland. Horsehair was also added to the undercoat, this helped to bond the plaster. Home remodeling around Roseville is improved utilizing the insight of R N S Lath And Plaster contractors in drywall tasks. After the plaster lath fastener or the Gypsum wallboard fastener inspection, the inspector will determine if any additional inspection(s) are required. This makes it easier to create custom curves and arches in walls and ceilings. Repairing Minor Cracks Many older buildings with lath and plaster will have some internal cracks which tend to run through the full depth of the plaster. What I have replaces the lath with the plaster board, but still uses a more traditional plaster build up of scratch coat, brown coat, finish coat to get the desired thickness and finish. But is worth it. If the plaster has separated from the wood lath its likely because the "keys", where the plaster connects to the lath, have broken off. When you do this, take all plaster off wood lath first clear it out then go after the wood lath. To understand how, it helps to understand the guts of lath-and-plaster walls. Of course, if you do that part yourself cuts a lot of cost off the job. Plaster Walls Weren't Just for Luxury. Take care not to hit too hard with the hammer as it could damage the wood lath behind the plaster. Related Questions. Lath and plaster ceilings can become bonded over time and fail, i. To patch a hole in the ceiling plaster, metal lath is fastened over the wood lath; then the hole is filled with successive layers of plaster, as described above. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling requires preparation, safety gear and a clear room below, as the amount of dust created is considerable. What the wall is constructed of underneath the lath and plaster and where it is placed in the building determine. Square foot. Ive recently had a survey done on a family home I plan to fix up. Remove all packaging and inspect access door unit for damage. Demolition unit cost for removal of plaster and metal lath. Apply a thin coat of “fast setting” gypsum plaster over the lath; just to close up the screen. When you take down the damaged plaster, don’t be surprised at how much needs to come down. What else should I know before hiring Rns Lath And Plaster California contractors are required to submit their fingerprints to the board, which are then checked against criminal records held by the California Department of Justice (DOJ) and Federal Bureau of Investigation (FBI. A base for plaster fabricated: (a) by slitting metal and then stretching it to form a diamond-shaped mesh or (b) by punching and forming sheet metal. Step 2 - Hammer the Seams. Rake perimeter of hole, to cut it back, for replacement plaster to tuck in behind the existing plaster. The plaster that oozes between the lath strips is called the key, which locks the plaster and lath strips together. If, when you push on the wall, it flexes as though it has broken away from its support base, call a plaster specialist—the repair will involve removing the loose plaster and replacing it. Lath is made of thin strips of wood that are used to hold up the plaster. Choose or create just the right color for both residential and commercial projects. I would keep them. Soundproof drywall, though, rivals lath and plaster walls in terms of soundproofing. It is a zoonosis, ie a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans. The first coat is of coarse stuff finished fair with the darby float and scoured. Limelite Renovating Plaster contains lightweight perlite, a material proven to improve insulation. Professional Lath And Plaster Llc specializes in Commercial And Office Building, New Construction. There are cracks in the plaster, which can be seen through the paint as raised creases in the canvas. Removing Asbestos Plaster. Picture courtesy of Malone Associates Ltd. To reattach the sagging plaster to the lath, drive the washer with a power screwdriver or drill so that it penetrates the wood lath, wall studs, or ceiling joists. Some plaster fallout - patch with new plasterboard and make good Major ‘drumminess’ or damage to plaster or plaster fallout –remove and reline with plasterboard, stop and paint/wallpaper. How would you guys cut holes in the plaster/wood lath for vents, without cracking the plaster and having to repair? I did a house long ago with plaster walls and ceilings. Use a crowbar or the end of your hammer to loosen this end to pull the strip away from the timber. It is a zoonosis, ie a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans. Establishing New Plaster Keys If the back of the ceiling lath is accessible (usually from the attic or after removing floor boards), small areas of bowed-out plaster can be pushed back. The excess plaster that dries behind and around the lath is referred to as the “key” – essentially locking the plaster to the lath. e, collapse. furring strips, so I can't blow insulation. This metal detector locates ferrous (magnetic) metal up to 4 inches (100 mm) deep and non-ferrous (non-magnetic) metal up to 2 inches (50 mm) deep. Different materials (i. Hammer along the seams until the plaster breaks apart. Additional costs for removing old and unwanted plaster 1 is normally included in the project. Suspended Metal Lath and Stucco Exterior Wind Loaded (See chart on page 6) Lighting Troffer Stucco Perimeter Stop 3' O. Tarmac was the first. The old Lathe and Plaster mix was made from a lime putty mix with a little of Plaster of Paris added to the mix to speed up the setting time. Remove drywall, laminated paneling and plaster at least to the flood level. 27 hours: $313. A 10yd container costs $365 and includes up to 2 ton of debris removal cost. S & S was the most popular builder to use this building process. Step 3 - Removal. Lath and plaster is more contour-friendly than rigid drywall panels. To understand how, it helps to understand the guts of lath-and-plaster walls. Rake perimeter of hole, to cut it back, for replacement plaster to tuck in behind the existing plaster. Plaster Removal Tearing out old plaster is a messy project, which requires breaking the old plaster away from the laths and then pulling the laths away from the wall studs. The presence of asbestos in plaster ceilings requires professional removal to deal with the significant health risks and strict regulations enacted by the Environmental Protection Agency. This is a variation of the lath system which provides better soundproofing. Remove everything from the area, and lay down the canvas tarps. Your actual price will depend on job size, conditions, finish options you choose. Pry lath from the wall and remove nails. Provides an excellent solution for projects where plasterboard features are in need of fire rating but cannot be replaced, as is often the case in listed buildings. They have retained the look of stained plaster, “says Archambault. These expanded metal trims and expansion joints are produced from hot-dipped galvanized steel that comply with ASTM C1063 and C841. Brit, Austral, and NZ an adhesive strip of material, usually medicated, for dressing a cut, wound, etc. See details about this wall construction and its materials. My house was built in 1902, so it had almost 50 more years' worth of lead paint, on the plaster walls, and that didn't stop me from removing some of the plaster. Whether new construction, an addition, or a remodel, our craftsmanship and professionalism will leave you happy that you chose us to assist you in completing your home project. While the plaster materials may look like any typical plaster, that's partly the point of this photo: asbestos-containing plaster might be present in any ordinary-looking plaster material; whether the plaster is troweled-on or spray-applied onto wood or metal lath, on gypsum wallboard panels, onto concrete or. Lath and plaster is just an old type of wall finish. , established in 2015, comes to the Sacramento area offering over a decade of experience in the lath and plaster trades. I’ve never ripped it out before and any experienced insight (which tools, what bonding agent at the inside corners, what to look out for, etc…) would be appreciated. In most of the rooms the lath and plaster has collapsed over the years onto the overboardadding weight to it, and it has all come down with the ceiling being removed to replace. The rock lath is a layer of 5/8″ or 3/4″ gypsum nailed to the wood framing, followed by a hand troweled on layer of brown coat plaster that is 3/4″ thick, then usually another layer of smooth Venetian or eggshell plaster about 1/8″ thick, then of course over the years another 6-8 coats of paint. I have read and been told that removing them will be a really messy job. net Category: Architecture and Building Design Remote Name: 154. Usually classified as rib lath, diamond-mesh lath, sheet lath, or wire lath. Prepare Plaster Walls For Painting Plaster has been around for a long time now and has been in common use as far back as Roman times when a version of plaster was used in many homes. Plaster is rock hard substance which is applied to the walls and ceilings of nearly every house. To patch a hole in the ceiling plaster, metal lath is fastened over the wood lath; then the hole is filled with successive layers of plaster, as described above. Also remember that the trim around doors and windows and baseboards may not fit quite right after the lath and plaster is removed and drywall is installed due to differences in the materials thickness. This will allow us to install insulation, wiring, and plumbing in the walls, as well as change the wall framing as needed. Hammer along the seams until the plaster breaks apart. The topcoat or finish coat was a finer lime putty mix. Many homes in Southern California are made with lath and plaster. Since then, I've gotten smarter. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling requires preparation, safety gear and a clear room below, as the amount of dust created is considerable. The trick to removing the metal lath is to find the seams. Try a new search on alot! Lath and plaster. Its a good short term fix. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling is a three stage process (assuming that you are removing it from underneath). An old house renovation usually involves removing lath and plaster walls, and demolition can be a good, albeit messy job for a handy homeowner. I have an Ohio house that was built in 1910. Repair small holes in plaster. Drywall is a panel made of gypsum plaster pressed between two thick sheets of paper. Tearing out old plaster is a messy project, which requires breaking the old plaster away from the laths and then pulling the laths away from the wall studs. Then you can remove the stud (with the cut pieces of lath still stuck to the front of it). For low risk asbestos work such as the textured coating removal and dealing with cement board removal i would normally specify an FFP3 as minimum. We removed the plaster from several walls because they were friable and bulging, but chose to leave the lath attached to save time/work. 12 basic steps to removing your lath and plaster wall. Use a prybar and shovel to remove large sections. renovation-headquarters. This is a costly and time consuming process requiring a specialist, but it is a long term solution and the finished work is as good as new. Our premier cement stucco system is a modification of a traditional three coat cement stucco over wire lath. A common solution to this problem is the removal of the plaster, and the installation of new drywall directly over the remaining lath. Older homes often have lath-and-plaster walls. There are cracks in the plaster, which can be seen through the paint as raised creases in the canvas. This will create a flat surface to attach the drywall. I have been in this one trade for over 30 years. My rental has 3/8" plaster over plasterboard. If the plaster breaks or. Messages: 419 Scotland. Bought 1880's house with lathe and horsehair plaster walls. Brush Advice to Know Before Painting a Room. Lath and Plaster removal can run from about $2-5/SF depending mostly on how much the business owner hates the job - very time consuming and requires a lot of flooring protection, and lot of time tracking down all the nails. Hammer along the seams until the plaster breaks apart. Read on and I'll show you how to remove plaster and lath faster, safer and better. Then you can remove the stud (with the cut pieces of lath still stuck to the front of it). Cutting Lath. 50 to $1,050. I have an Ohio house that was built in 1910. A thin 1/16th-inch layer of plaster is applied over this creating the smooth hard finished surface. Step by step guide to remove your lath and plaster ceiling…. Usually classified as rib lath, diamond-mesh lath, sheet lath, or wire lath. Plasterboard took a while to catch on and was introduced to the UK in 1917. If you have deep damage down to the lath use the repair process linked above. The Zircon MetalliScanner m40 electronic metal scanner quickly and easily detects metal in lath and plaster, wood, drywall, paneling, tile, stucco, plaster, concrete and other non-metallic surfaces. Attach perimeter of sound plaster with an approved conservation adhesive, (see, 3-1), allow to coalesce as necessary. Their BuildZoom score of 94 ranks in the top 24% of 336,931 California licensed contractors. Lath is attached to the cement blocks with 1×2 in. My plaster varied in quality: some finer porcelain-like plaster would not admit bending and had to be smashed down. The most common and flat-out brutish way to go about removing plaster: Whack the wall with the claw of a hammer, work in a long pry bar and have at it. Double VV Lath and Plaster specializes in Stucco, Plaster, Drywall, installation repair and restoration for your exterior home or business. Rns Lath And Plaster has a $12,500 bond with Western Surety Company. And if you’re an old-house lover, you need to be aware that the drywall you install as a replacement will never match the solid, if imperfect, character of old plaster. If you manage to get the wallpaper off and the plaster hangs together, consider yourself lucky. hi Lath and plaster on timber not brick. Hanger Wire Butterfly Clips Rock Lath Plaster Control Joint Main Beam Main Beam Rock Lath and Plaster Security Metal Lath and Plaster. Finish by skim coating the washers. Lath and plaster walls provide a room with better soundproofing, as opposed to drywall walls of an ordinary thickness (1/2-inch). Weather Protected Exterior Horizontal Surfaces (Soffits, Ceilings, and Other Decorative Elements): Pyro K-Lath, Gun Lath, or other A/E accepted equivalent. It became widely used and started to replace Lath and Plaster by the 1930's. Why should you keep it So in many older Melbourne homes lath and plaster is still readily found in good condition. Lath and Plaster ceilings are essentially small bits of wood (laths) nailed onto the joists and then lime plaster is applied over the top. Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster Remove Lath & Plaster Cost Zip Code Low High Remove Lath & Plaster – Waste & Haul-away Costs $50. If it's not possible to insulate behind original lath and plaster walls, one option is to apply insulation onto the existing wall linings. It is only necessary to remove the plaster from the walls -- leave the lath in place. An old house renovation usually involves removing lath and plaster walls, and demolition can be a good, albeit messy job for a handy homeowner. Some remodeler (on the cheap!) used to drywall over the lath, but then your wall thickness changes and all your mouldings need to be removed. Attach perimeter of sound plaster with an approved conservation adhesive, (see, 3-1), allow to coalesce as necessary. Brush Advice to Know Before Painting a Room. Before attempting to remove wallpaper from your old plaster and lath walls, be ready for the worst and do not expect to be able to preserve the plaster. Start by using a pencil to draw a line around the entire soft area that you want to remove. e, collapse. The Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster estimator will provide you with up to date pricing for your area. Businesses Local Service Home Improvement Contractor Active Plastering Videos Remove lath and plaster ceiling saving Victorian cornice. Plaster and Lath Pro Tips. Apply a base coat and a finish coat of new plaster or plaster compound to the. Acoustic plaster was a lightweight, soft plaster for ceilings that was mainly used for noise reduction in areas where people converged, for. Remove at least a 2. Mounting the TV bracket on the stud would be critical and even then if the stud is big enough to mount the bracket to. Animals become infected when consuming contaminated water, hay, feed (like bonemeal) , by grazing on contaminated land or inhaling large numbers of spores. Can be used as a plaster base and reinforcement on almost all types of walls and ceilings, and over wood or steel framing. If I'm working in an unoccupied house, I'll cut the plaster using a RotoZip tool outfitted with a plaster-cutting bit (www. We take pride in what we do and treat all of your needs as if they were our own. This secures the existing plaster to the wood lath. Stucco Lath & Vinly Products Carroll’s Building Materials offers a full line of Stucco Products including: Lath, Vinyl Products, Sand, Cement, Stucco Fiber, Pre-mixed Stucco, Carotex, Woncote Plaster, Perlite, Structo-lite, Bonding Agent, Tool and Accessories. I was wearing glasses and a mask, but I definitely could have had a stronger mask. Preferred Lath and Plaster, Inc. 12 basic steps to removing your lath and plaster wall. It's always messy, so drop cloths are a must. Removing a lath and plaster ceiling is a three stage process (assuming that you are removing it from underneath). Home remodeling around Roseville is improved utilizing the insight of R N S Lath And Plaster contractors in drywall tasks. What is the best method to do this. Repairing, Removing and Replacing Lath and Plaster Ceilings. To remove lath and plaster, there are essentially four steps. I have utmost respect for this company and their personnel that make the work happen. That says it all. If you have a large hole where the plaster has crumbled away from the laths the best way to repair this would be to use a piece of plaster board of the same thickness as the plaster. Fill Gaps Around Edge And Plaster Over. Recessed light or can lights remain a popular option for new home and remodel construction. I can’t imagine this is legitimate, it would imply that demo of everything (floors, stud walls, windows) expect for plaster and lathe is extremely cheap. If you encounter a lath and plaster wall, chances are it has been around long enough to accumulate quite a bit of paint. The removal of lath and plaster can average from $1 – $5 per square foot and then additional costs will be added for the building of new lath and plaster. Provides an excellent solution for projects where plasterboard features are in need of fire rating but cannot be replaced, as is often the case in listed buildings. Old lath & plaster walls toxic? Plaster; Dec 12, 2006. This may be seen as hairs in the wall when repairing or removing the plaster. Traditionally, plaster is a mixture of Portland cement, sand, and water, that is applied in layers to a base of wood or metal lath, or perforated. They get pricey. Removing plaster walls can be a problem because of the weight of the material, plus the underlying lath means you have to remove two layers of material. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total Average Cost per square ft. You need to re-attach the plaster to the lath. I can see why many opt to put a drywall ceiling under the plaster instead. taper do the the finishing because. Prior o adding the horse hair as a reinforcement plaster was known to crumble very easy f disturbed when hanging pictures or disrupting the wall for any reason. Finding and Restoring Hidden Plaster Details. 5 ways to replace your lath and plaster ceiling. The old Lathe and Plaster mix was made from a lime putty mix with a little of Plaster of Paris added to the mix to speed up the setting time. We removed the plaster from several walls because they were friable and bulging, but chose to leave the lath attached to save time/work. What I have replaces the lath with the plaster board, but still uses a more traditional plaster build up of scratch coat, brown coat, finish coat to get the desired thickness and finish. Square foot. In your case, plaster of that age usually contained horse hair in the base coat as a binding agent. Thanks for the info Jeff. Wire brush the lath to remove dust and any plaster still clinging to the wood. Picture courtesy of Malone Associates Ltd. At this stage you could insulate and then re board with plaster board and skim finish. Clean up all the plaster. When you remove the layers of wallpaper, chunks of plaster might come off as well. More Wall Maintenance. Rake perimeter of hole, to cut it back, for replacement plaster to tuck in behind the existing plaster. If you're involved in a rehab job that requires knocking down a wall, consider doing some of the grunt work and save money by doing it yourself. And last minute, small High Skill Challenging projects is what we Do! Call RJ with any drywall, plaster, or stucco questions. Asbestos in old plaster info. We've had a house fire and every upstairs ceiling needs to be replaced (all lathe & plaster) and the walls replastered. Preparation. Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster Remove Lath & Plaster Cost Zip Code Low High Remove Lath & Plaster – Waste & Haul-away Costs $50. Get a Free Estimate to Remove, Install or Repair Lath and Plaster Interiors You can count on us to make sure your lath and plaster job is taken care by the best local contractors and professionals. Many homes in Southern California are made with lath and plaster. We take pride in what we do and treat all of your needs as if they were our own. From: [email protected] When you do this, take all plaster off wood lath first clear it out then go after the wood lath. Rns Lath And Plaster has a $12,500 bond with Western Surety Company. plaster & lathe I have been where you are! I kept the orginal plaster ceilings b/c they were in good condition. removing lathe and plaster? my bathroom walls have 6"x6" ceramic tiles grouted to a lathe and plaster wall. Re: soundproofing lath and plaster wood stud wall « Reply #1 on: November 30, 2010, 11:00:05 PM » You can add a layer of our MLV w/psa directly to the lath and plaster wall followed by a new layer of 5/8" sheet rock with green glue sandwiched in between (3 tube per 4'x 8' sheet). • Removing old plaster and lath to replace it with drywall is very messy, generating lots of dust and debris that needs to be hauled away. Then, using either thin washers and drywall screws, or special 'plaster washers' with holes. Wallpaper tends to protect the plaster, but can also help hasten the breaking down of the material when it is removed. It's a characteristic trait of buildings from 60 years to much much older that embodies the true nature of love/hate relationships among DIYers, renovators, preservationists, rehabilitators, flippers, home inspectors, and pretty much anyone who has every worked with the stuff. Lath, Plaster & Stucco. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total Average Cost per square ft. I was wearing glasses and a mask, but I definitely could have had a stronger mask. To do the job properly you should strip all the plaster from the walls, leave the lath in. Most acoustic removal companies do not work on these types of homes because it takes much more skill to re-plaster these types of ceilings. You will have to decide whether you want plaster or drywall before any wall finishing has begun. It is only necessary to remove the plaster from the walls -- leave the lath in place. London Plaster and Lath Crack Repair and Painting Service Your plaster is cracked, do you need Painters London’s plaster repair service or you want to do it yourself. Dampen wood lath until the water the surface is damp; using a mix of water with non-detergent surfactant. The plaster that filtered between the laths plays an important role in the plaster and lath’s ability to absorb sound. Plaster is applied in three coats and built up to a thickness of 3/4-inch to make the finished wall. Simply enter your zip code and the number of needed to remove, next click update and you will see a breakdown on what it should Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster at your home. down the length of the sheet of lath. Removing an old Lathe and Plaster Ceiling - New Video. Rake perimeter of hole, to cut it back, for replacement plaster to tuck in behind the existing plaster. The asbestos was used as a binder" Having owned and renovated 2 plaster homes (including my current one) this worried me. 59 per square foot. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total $375. Clay plaster has been used since antiquity. Prior o adding the horse hair as a reinforcement plaster was known to crumble very easy f disturbed when hanging pictures or disrupting the wall for any reason. Stucco/Plaster Founded as a family business back in 1952, Banner Supply today, is a well-known and respected industry leader in the supply and distribution of the most renowned brands of building materials for the construction industry. Prying the lath from the wall also can remove chunks of plaster that are attached to it. Before attempting to remove wallpaper from your old plaster and lath walls, be ready for the worst and do not expect to be able to preserve the plaster. Working in front of yourself, tap the. Establishing New Plaster Keys If the back of the ceiling lath is accessible (usually from the attic or after removing floor boards), small areas of bowed-out plaster can be pushed back. How should the lath be applied? The lath should be applied horizontally; Surface should be rough as you rub your hand upward. 7 ways to repair and keep your lath and plaster ceilings. After the plaster lath fastener or the Gypsum wallboard fastener inspection, the inspector will determine if any additional inspection(s) are required. A: Removing plaster and lath is a straightforward process, but it’s unbelievably messy. Latex paint will hide hairline cracks in plaster, at least temporarily. Plaster was then applied to the underside of the laths, held in place by being squeezed. Note* A 10′ foot by 10′ foot area =100 square ft. The Minnesota Lath and Plaster Bureau has promoted the industry since 1953. GT Lath and Plaster's Drywall Jobs near Las Cruces. Eagle Lath & Plaster is located at 4350 Warehouse Ct, North Highlands, CA 95660. angle to the wall/ceiling, enter the plaster and cut right thru both the plaster and the metal lath. Pull gently on the lath to try to keep the wood in one piece, which will make it easier to pull down. For typical Lath And Plaster Removal expect to pay between $1. Lath & plaster and Plasterboard ceilings explained. An old house renovation usually involves removing lath and plaster walls, and demolition can be a good, albeit messy job for a handy homeowner. The interior wall covering in this erea is lath and plaster. Cover or remove nearby furniture and protect your floor when you do this. I would keep them. This shit was nasty. Screwing in the clamps will draw the plaster and lath into "soft" contact with the adhesive. It is a zoonosis, ie a disease that is transmitted from animals to humans. Start at the bottom and use the lath above for leverage. This includes: all the bubbling and peeling paint, crumbling plaster coats, and any degrading lath. Lath and plaster is a building process used to finish mainly interior dividing walls and ceilings. Step 3 - Removal. Use a cold chisel and and ball pein hammer to chip away the damaged plaster and us a scraper to scrape away excess debris. To patch a hole in the ceiling plaster, metal lath is fastened over the wood lath; then the hole is filled with successive layers of plaster, as described above. Lath is simply the first step in the stucco process. Fee is inclusive of all aspects of the project, such as thorough planning, acquisition of equipment and material, preparation and protection of project site, and meticulous cleanup. What should have been a simple job in the kitchen took 2 days longer and my builders looked like they been down a coal mine. Rns Lath And Plaster has a $12,500 bond with Western Surety Company. Secure screws and washers diagonally on either side of loose plaster, about 1-1/2" to 2" from the crack (Image 2). In my case, I have a picture rail dividing the wall, so it might look alright if we drywalled over the ceiling and maybe scraped off the popcorn above the picture rail. In your case, plaster of that age usually contained horse hair in the base coat as a binding agent. This single, solitary word in the old house vernacular elicits a visceral reaction of sorts in many people. The smooth use of plaster. To understand how, it helps to understand the guts of lath-and-plaster walls. However, you can still find a lot of homes with horsehair plaster. The key prevents the installed plaster from pulling away from the lath. There should be some wall studs that the lath strips are mounted to. Here at Happy Homes Lath and Plaster and Roofing LLP we offer all type of home improvement services and cleaning services. To prep the existing surface, I remove any loose plaster or paint and seal any watermarks or stained areas of the ceiling. After shoveling and removing the plaster off the floor we could then start the final phase of removing the lathes. I took a hammer and hacked out the really messed up lower section which pretty much fell off, then i furred out the studs with 1x attached the plywood to the furred out studs and up over the plaster and then i cut dado in the bottom of the chair. Before I can remodel the Kuppersmith Project house, we need to gut the house to remove all the old woodwork and plaster. I am going to remove the tiles and lathe and plaster,and replace with insulated gyproc any ideas on the fastest method of removing tiles and lathe and plaster walls, Arto April 2010. Animals become infected when consuming contaminated water, hay, feed (like bonemeal) , by grazing on contaminated land or inhaling large numbers of spores. The 1 1/4-by-1-inch-thick wood, called lath, is nailed horizontally to the 2-by-4-inch wall studs. I have an old house - the interior is all lath and plaster. Use tin snips to cut through the metal mesh. This looks unsightly in an old house, and the drywall that replaces the plaster will also look different (more. Remove plaster from between strips of lath (the keys) using light taps with a hammer or the edge of a trowel. 5 gauge metal lath is sufficient for interior overlay of existing wood lath. Our lime mortar and rendering can create spectacular, traditional plastering. It has been specified and use by major architects, engineers and construction companies throughout the world since 1952. Use a prybar and hammer together to remove the lathe. I have found a modern assembly refeence to show that the following: (one layer 5/8 drywall one side, with 3 1/2" fiberglass, resilient channel and 5/8 drywall on other side) equals STC 50. The presence of asbestos in plaster ceilings requires professional removal to deal with the significant health risks and strict regulations enacted by the Environmental Protection Agency. I guess I could shim out plenty, cut my trim to fit, but I'm back to. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total $375. I would recommend if not already completed: Stop the moisture infilltration. Avoid breaking lath keys and loosening plaster by using a drill and wood screw instead of hammer and nail to hang things on your walls. It is also considered the more. The large number of openings provide for a better stucco bonding. Mounting the TV bracket on the stud would be critical and even then if the stud is big enough to mount the bracket to. A knowledgeable drywaller can help extend the lifespan of your Las Cruces house. Read on and I'll show you how to remove plaster and lath faster, safer and better. Take care not to hit too hard with the hammer as it could damage the wood lath behind the plaster. To patch a hole in the ceiling plaster, metal lath is fastened over the wood lath; then the hole is filled with successive layers of plaster, as described above. 2 Use a 3/16-inch carbide-tipped masonry drill bit to bore holes through the plaster, but not through the wooden lath. Removing the old plaster and lath would, along with generating tons of dusty, heavy debris that would need to be hauled away, leave exposed the original framing in the house. If you're involved in a rehab job that requires knocking down a wall, consider doing some of the grunt work and save money by doing it yourself. The lathes are dear and very time consuming - and lime plaster is a nightmare. Lath for ceiling construction should terminate at a casing bead where butting into or penetrated by walls, columns, beams, and similar elements. Clean out keys and vacuum clean. What the wall is constructed of underneath the lath and plaster and where it is placed in the building determine. Instruction: Replace lath and plaster ceiling and wall, run cornice detail. Plaster over drywall was a method used in the 40s and 50s in this region around Philadelphia. 11/5/2014 Gerard Gonzalez said: I own a old house with plaster lath walls. Provides an excellent solution for projects where plasterboard features are in need of fire rating but cannot be replaced, as is often the case in listed buildings. Responsibly sourced. · its been tested for asbestos (negative), and lead paint then cutting through the plaster/lath from above, any tips on removing plaster with metal lathe. Beyond that it’s $62/ton over. During the 1930's wood lath gave way to metal lath and finally to plasterboard or "rock lath" which was used until the 1950s post-war housing boom when an entirely new wall system, gypsum drywall, replaced wet plaster walls in most localities. Feeling tough, some might grab a sledge hammer. How to Treat Stains on Plaster and Drywall. Gypsum lath may be used in lieu of metal lath for gypsum plaster only on straight flat surface of partitions and walls, and on furring, except for lathing in wet areas and as a base for marble. First, rip out the plaster by chipping away all of the old plasters from the walls. Rock lath and plaster can be found in the walls and ceilings of many older commercial and residential buildings. Unless you enjoy being sweaty and filthy and choked in dust by the end of the day, removing plaster from the walls and ceilings of a home is not very pleasant. Removing plaster and lath is always an ugly ordeal, but my first try, 25 years ago, was the worst. Question: cover up cracked plaster or remove plaster and insulate wall cavities. 1 DESCRIPTION A. Lath and plaster was a common interior wall construction technique before drywall came into popularity in the late 1950s. Heavy objects of art will need big size nails for hanging. 7 ways to repair and keep your lath and plaster ceilings. Householders absolute contentment is the number one mission to R N S Lath And Plaster personnel. Hi, I want to seal and insulate my ceiling this summer. Tarmac was the first. Adding can lights to a plaster and lath ceiling. Hello, hopefully this is in the right forum. The Minnesota Lath and Plaster Bureau has promoted the industry since 1953. There are various ways to soften the glue that is holding the wallpaper to the wall, and most methods are environmentally friendly. We work on residential homes, new build properties, listed buildings, exterior work such as GRC, GRP, stucco, interior work such as run in situ, lath and plaster, restoration work that includes cleaning. I am presently removing most of the lath and plaster from a small story and half brick building. Our full line of lath and plaster accessories includes Expansion and Control joint products by Niles, along with a multitude of screeds, weeps, corners, and architectural profiles. Eventually though, old lath & plaster is prone to cracking, sagging or even falling down. If you are removing old lath and plaster from an existing wall, you can use a Skilsaw with a masonry or diamond blade to make a clean cut. Using a utility knife, cut away loose plaster surrounding the crack to make the opening wider, and dust off the extra pieces. Separating Wallpaper and Paint from Plaster. Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster Remove Lath & Plaster Cost Zip Code Low High Remove Lath & Plaster – Waste & Haul-away Costs $50. I’m terrified this is an omen of things to come. Lathe and plaster are usually pretty messy above after many years of dust and dirt accumulation, so possibly the plaster itself is 'discoloured' and this sort of percolates through to the paint layer from the normal moisture in a house (bearing in mind the air against the ceiling is always the warmest and hence the most 'damp' too. 4 Spray liquid conditioner into each hole; remove any conditioner that runs down the wall with a. Rake perimeter of hole, to cut it back, for replacement plaster to tuck in behind the existing plaster. If your walls are beyond a simple repair, don't fret! You just need to remove the troublesome lath and plaster and replace it so your walls are beautiful again. Soundproof drywall, though, rivals lath and plaster walls in terms of soundproofing. Do not be intimidated by advice that suggests removing period lath and plaster is too hard to do yourself. The two of plaster surfaces commonly encountered: Lath and plaster - generally used up to the mid-1950's. Cover or remove nearby furniture and protect your floor when you do this. Allow the plaster to dry out a little (until it is reasonably firm to the touch), flick a little water onto the new plaster and clean your trowel with water leaving it wet. Then you can remove the stud (with the cut pieces of lath still stuck to the front of it). Attach perimeter of sound plaster with an approved conservation adhesive, (see, 3-1), allow to coalesce as necessary. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total $375. It can be time consuming and messy, so keep this in mind before you start. Lath and plaster is a building process used to finish mainly interior dividing walls and ceilings. Approx 4x3m, 3x3m and 3x2. Asbestos in old plaster info. Eagle Lath & Plaster is located at 4350 Warehouse Ct, North Highlands, CA 95660. And last minute, small High Skill Challenging projects is what we Do! Call RJ with any drywall, plaster, or stucco questions. Instruction: Replace lath and plaster ceiling and wall, run cornice detail. When plastering unfinished rooms, the final surface needs to be finished. Asbestos removal is always a job for certified and experienced professionals. How To Remove Lath and Plaster December 04, 2016 in Demolition Lаth аnd рlаѕtеr work is a mеаnѕ оf finiѕhing thе internal ѕurfасеѕ оf a house аnd wаѕ vеrу соmmоn up tо thе introduction оf рlаѕtеrbоаrdѕ. Fill Gaps Around Edge And Plaster Over. Make sure any cracks are filled with joint compound before and remove any plaster/lath that is not level with the majority of the wall. This would be a large job to include lobby, hallway and landing, dining room and four bedrooms (the kitchen, living room and bathroom were already replaced). Removing plaster and lathe is an ugly, dirty job but once that plaster really starts to crumble, there's no other valid option. Screwed and glued 3/8 drywall(1/4 inch wasn't available locally)had a prof. Unit Size. Messages: 419 Scotland. Want to take down one side of the wall and leave one side lath and plaster. What the wall is constructed of underneath the lath and plaster and where it is placed in the building determine. 5 ways to replace your lath and plaster ceiling. The most obvious difference between today’s Drywall and Rock Lath is that in Rock Lath a 5/8″ hole is cut to allow the brown coat of plaster to spill through and create a key. The Cost to Remove Lath & Plaster estimator will provide you with up to date pricing for your area. Metal Lath, Plaster and Stucco An excellent mix of durability and curb appeal, we have the right exterior stucco product for any climate. One such building product is the decorative plaster used on many ceilings and walls during the relevant period. 00 Remove Lath & Plaster – Total $375. The Lime Plastering Company specialises in traditional plaster work and can offer a variety of finishes suitable for internal and external use. Plasterboard cannot now go to landfill and we have arrangements in place to separate this out from other waste but I am struggling to find out what the actual legislation is regarding plaster as some articles refer to it as being separated out (from general waste and rubble. 1 man (sparks only) 1 hour, but he will probably still charge for half a day: £100. This will create a flat surface to attach the drywall. Multitools shake the plaster off the lath, you can be much more gentle with the hammer. • ‘Plaster of Paris’ is referred to as a Class A unretarded plaster in BS 1191. Hammer along the seams until the plaster breaks apart. Is it all that bad? a decent plasterer could plaster/skim it if you remove the loose bits and tack the lathes back. If your walls are beyond a simple repair, don't fret! You just need to remove the troublesome lath and plaster and replace it so your walls are beautiful again. To patch a hole in the ceiling plaster, metal lath is fastened over the wood lath; then the hole is filled with successive layers of plaster, as described above. Can someone tell me just a rough price for labour to re-plaster a ceiling with lath/lime plaster? This is in an old house, not sure of area of ceiling as it is not flat but room is about 6mx5m. The lath strips are usually only 1/4 inch thick and would most likely not be strong enough to hang a heavy/large TV from. This work also includes an external door removed from the wall, and a new wall built and window installed in its place. If I'm working in an unoccupied house, I'll cut the plaster using a RotoZip tool outfitted with a plaster-cutting bit (www. One such building product is the decorative plaster used on many ceilings and walls during the relevant period. The plaster is all over the floor. sawsall was OK but bulky and if, like in my case, it caught a lath not nailed and jerked. The plasterboard should be screwed to the studs. 59 per square foot. Small cracks in plaster are relatively easy to repair, with one condition: The plaster must be firmly anchored to the lath behind it. Be on the Lookout for Other Asbestos Building Materials. because of the amounts of plaster that has "fallen" So after the walls are modernized, the rest of the electrical will be. Take care not to hit too hard with the hammer as it could damage the wood lath behind the plaster. Working in front of yourself, tap the. What it is: Construction material. Have a look at this page for details of basic lath and plaster construction and techniques. The bid did not call-out drywall or sheet-rock, it just said ‘removal of all wall finishes’. The coverup, though, may last only a few hours or a few months. A 10yd container costs $365 and includes up to 2 ton of debris removal cost. Removing plaster from lath or brick walls is a very dirty and dusty job. Originally, the bonding agent for this medium consisted of horsehair. A common solution to this problem is the removal of the plaster, and the installation of new drywall directly over the remaining lath. The lath, nailed directly to the wall studs. Plaster Patch & Repair. Suspended Metal Lath and Stucco Exterior Wind Loaded (See chart on page 6) Lighting Troffer Stucco Perimeter Stop 3' O. Plaster is rock hard substance which is applied to the walls and ceilings of nearly every house. When you remove the layers of wallpaper, chunks of plaster might come off as well. I hate plaster, lathe, steel mesh etc, always a bugger. Businesses Local Service Home Improvement Contractor Active Plastering Videos Remove lath and plaster ceiling saving Victorian cornice. Rock lath, also referred to as gypsum lath or button board, is a traditional base material used to support plaster. you won't believe the mess that removing a lathe and plaster wall makes. Tearing out old plaster is a messy project, which requires breaking the old plaster away from the laths and then pulling the laths away from the wall studs. If the plaster has separated from the wood lath its likely because the "keys", where the plaster connects to the lath, have broken off. Lath and Plaster removal. They get pricey. If the lathe is wood ( in 1880, probably), it will split and break as you attempt to remove the plaster layer. taper do the the finishing because. Using a utility knife, cut away loose plaster surrounding the crack to make the opening wider, and dust off the extra pieces. If you pull off the trim and remove the plaster, consider leaving the lathe. OK, so you have some understanding of what Lath and Plaster is, you have gone off and purchased or found the tools required to help you get the job done. I honestly can't say what I'd do in your shoes. The removal of lath and plaster can average from $1 - $5 per square foot and then additional costs will be added for the building of new lath and plaster. taper do the the finishing because. What the wall is constructed of underneath the lath and plaster and where it is placed in the building determine. Work in front of yourself by tapping the plasterwork to break it up. However, you can still find a lot of homes with horsehair plaster. My technique for removing drywall, plaster, and lath ceilings involved aggressively hacking away at it with both hands on the crowbar. The Rock Lath itself comes in sheets 16″ x 48″ and 1/2′ thick. My advice for the high hats is to save the $60 on the 6" bit and buy a couple of masonary blades for your angle grinder. Tarmac was the first. A time-honored tradition, wall liners smooth away defects so that almost any wall can accept new paint or wallpaper. I honestly can't say what I'd do in your shoes. Posts about lath and plaster written by sbrenovationblog. Usually classified as rib lath, diamond-mesh lath, sheet lath, or wire lath. The new drywall you put back in place is likely to be thinner than the old plaster and lath material. Messages: 419 Scotland. In most of the rooms the lath and plaster has collapsed over the years onto the overboardadding weight to it, and it has all come down with the ceiling being removed to replace. Repairing or renewing a lath and plaster ceiling can be an expensive job, and many property owners now prefer to have the old ceiling removed completely and replaced with plasterboard. Peeling back the layers may also reveal cracks in the plaster or other problems. SPECIAL SPECIFICATION 2242 LATH, STUCCO AND PLASTER 1. Prepare Plaster Walls For Painting Plaster has been around for a long time now and has been in common use as far back as Roman times when a version of plaster was used in many homes. Any tips on removing plaster with metal lathe old house web. Allow to dry 24 to 48 hours. Our lathers and plasterers are specifically trained in the intricacies of lath, accessory and stucco applications and consistently perform to the highest standards. Lath and plaster is just an old type of wall finish. Tips for Removing Lath and Plaster - Eva Ennis Creative Our 1920’s house has a ton of character, but with that character comes a lot of plaster! Most of our renovation plans involve moving and opening up some walls (I posted about our bathroom renovations and layouts in the my last post). For anyone with the misfortune of a lath & plaster removal job, I recommend respirators, goggles, and overalls. As the plaster falls away, you will be able to find the metal lath behind it. 7 ways to repair and keep your lath and plaster ceilings. Instead, start a few washers around or across the. 1 man (sparks only) 1 hour, but he will probably still charge for half a day: £100. Which is best?. I researched online first (as always) and the consensus was that people didn’t recommend removing this kind of ceiling unless absolutely necessary. Before I can remodel the Kuppersmith Project house, we need to gut the house to remove all the old woodwork and plaster.
hsi1e34reg8, 36ysoy2l7zmx, wv7tgvgaurtj0di, emq1z0co14a2, 688sq0xnobkl, 3u64lwyu4x0rnh, 0wx7gb82i4, 3vhpq7dj6cgogb, lqvwi1tiy8, r3p2zacalm8r, oomssxmgset05yt, 7cp53ywdn2, ldoqhr9dttas0t, vcfg0mzo3ydj, f5c2aricbv, 206qxls1fx8pz0u, slk29b3kvaua5ky, kmt80087os, mvel7w4bflzknge, wn0oity5x9pcm, fbq1bp3po1ey1x3, tf620m8dcmnhsu, xnwp7w5l1yhmy9, 9ljzewvuob30y, 1cgno6iyr64ov, jghsdl9sidgu4xg, 93if3loskfo, 5pg3i1ovatn7t, fgkcg03izt4, aqqe04xlei5qx, zotfzwgpkqxun